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Technical Challenges

Discover RDPETRO R&D Programmes and Challenges

RDPETRO is about real solutions to real challenges
View the R&D challenges the event aims to solve

RDPETRO 2018 CHALLENGES CATEGORIES

CATEGORY 1: RDPETRO Specific Challenges
CATEGORY 2: RDPETRO Additional Topics
CATEGORY 3: RDPETRO Innovative Idea

All Categories are aligned with real Oil and Gas Industry’s Top Priority topics and Concerns.
Challenges have been identified and categorized under the 12 different R&D Programs and related sub-groups.

RDPETRO R&D PROGRAMS

CODE PROGRAM NAME CODE PROGRAM NAME
AGTC Advanced Geophysical Technologies in Carbonates GP Gas Processing
DC Drilling and Completion PCO Process Control and Optimization
EEE Energy Efficiency and Environment RCM Reservoir Characterization and Modeling
EOGR Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery RMSM Reservoir Monitoring, Surveillance and Management
FA Flow Assurance UR Unconventional Resources
FI Facilities Integrity PC Petrochemicals

CATEGORY 1: RDPETRO Specific Challenges

CATEGORY OBJECTIVE
Specific Oil and Gas Industry Challenges addressing real problems that RDPETRO and its partners are scouting for solutions.

IMPORTANT NOTE AND CONSIDERATIONS
All Specific Challenges are addressing the challenges for Carbonates and are part of the existent RDPETRO Programs from the list above.


PROGRAM NAME: ADVANCED GEOPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN CARBONATES
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating geophysical solutions to address the challenges of characterization and fluid flow monitoring in Carbonate reservoirs.


Seismic Reservoir Characterization & Seismic Fluid Flow Monitoring (2)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.020-AGTC
R&D PROGRAM AGTC – Advanced Geophysical Technologies in Carbonates
SUB-PROGRAM Seismic Reservoir Characterization & Seismic Fluid Flow Monitoring
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Seismic Acquisition in Transition Zones (TZ)
PROBLEM STATEMENT Majority of E&P fields in the region, leads and prospects in the region had been well covered by seismic surveys except transition zones that connect between land and marine areas because of technical difficulties to carry out such surveys. The surface conditions of the transition zones are described as dynamic, complex and variable. Our hydrocarbon E&P targets are rather deep, thin and low relief structures and/or small stratigraphic traps with poor reflectivity from seismic perspective whilst there is still an emphasis on data quality, environment & efficiency (hence low cost). TZ areas can encompass land, salt water marsh and swamp, mangrove forests, near shoreline, surf and tidal zones including Sabkhas, lagoons, shallow offshore coral reefs and relatively deep water down to 30m.
TZ acquisition systems are comprised of a variety of cables, sensors, and source technologies that bridge the gap between land and water. TZ survey is a niche market at this moment as we need to deploy multiple source and multiple receiver types on a single acquisition, and hence it is relatively costly.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Geophysical solutions may include:
• Development of innovative hybrid acquisition systems (dual-purpose land and transition zone equipment for recording) along with the development of powerful and portable seismic source systems that can cover tidal zone, especially to cover marsh and swamp areas. This will greatly assist companies to be champions of such the difficult operations in the industry from R&D aspects.
From an operational efficiency aspect:
• Innovative acquisition systems will greatly assist companies to reduce our exposures in the field by efficient operations & logistics, hence lower cost, good quality data and better safety & environment records while connecting our 3D seismic coverages from marine & land towards transition zones – the ‘true’ frontier of the seismic activities in the world.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.021-AGTC
R&D PROGRAM AGTC – Advanced Geophysical Technologies in Carbonates
SUB-PROGRAM Seismic Reservoir Characterization & Seismic Fluid Flow Monitoring
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Enhance Seismic Quality Through Improved Acquisition & Processing
PROBLEM STATEMENT Challenges in seismic data quality and imaging in some assets militates the use of our datasets for many other geophysical workflows involving reservoir characterization and fluid monitoring. These include the presence of noise (linear and random), multiples, and poor imaging of key and subtle geologic features. Other challenges include the lack of stable wide offsets and azimuths for quantitative interpretation.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Key outcomes include the acquisition of modern broadband seismic data with wide angles and azimuths, and signal processing and high-end imaging solutions for reducing artifacts and resolving complex subtle geology. High resolution (broad frequency band) seismic image with a reduction in noise and multiples through innovative techniques in acquisition and processing.



PROGRAM NAME: DRILLING AND COMPLETION
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating innovative and effective methods and development opportunities of drilling, completion and intervention techniques, technologies and tools in order to improve drilling, completion and intervention performance and reduce operations cost.

Completions + Workover/Intervention (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.032-DC
R&D PROGRAM DC – Drilling & Completion
SUB-PROGRAM Completions + Workover/Intervention
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Automatic Gas Lift (Intervention less Gas Lift Valve Adj.)
PROBLEM STATEMENT Gas lift (GL) operations will require multiple initial interventions in a range of angles and depths dependent on well design. These can range from shallow and vertical to high angle and deep on Extended Reach Drilling (ERD) wells. Requirement for intervention is driven by the need to replace pre-installed dummy valves with initial Gas Lift Valves (GLVs) in all Gas Lift Mandrels. These GLVs will be injection pressure operated valves in conjunction with orifice style valves. This initial intervention is followed by additional interventions each time a GLV needs to be changed-out to optimize GL performance. GLV change-out for GL optimization could be to change orifice size or to change depth of injection. Interventions result in direct cost and risk to the asset and also deferred production during the intervention operations. There is deferred production also through operating the well in an un-optimized GL state while identifying and mobilizing the necessary intervention.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME System(s) deployed in-well that allows for gas lift valve orifice size or on/off functionality to be changed at multiple depths (4-5 locations) without intervention. If a wired solution is developed it should be operated on no more than a single cable.
System(s) to close loop analyze downhole and surface real-time data and adjust downhole GL injection parameters accordingly to maintain optimized GL.

Waste Management (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.039-DC
R&D PROGRAM DC – Drilling & Completion
SUB-PROGRAM Waste Management
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Improved Drilling Cuttings Treatment
PROBLEM STATEMENT Require improved method(s) for treating oily cuttings. Traditional setup is to treat cuttings utilizing hammer mill, a thermal process that is very good, but also requires a lot of power to run the unit and as such the associated emissions and cost of the diesel used to generate the power.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Improved method(s) for treating oily cuttings. Traditional setup is to treat cuttings utilizing hammer mill, a thermal process that is very good, but also requires a lot of power to run the unit and as such the associated emissions and cost of the diesel used to generate the power.

Drilling Operation Efficiency (Aiming 30%-40% Savings)
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.102-DC

Over Come Fluid/Mud Loses
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.103-DC

Rig Operations (Over Come Invisible Time)
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.104-DC

Rigless Workover/Intervention
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.105-DC

Waste Management
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.106-DC


PROGRAM NAME: ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND ENVIRONMENT
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigation of new techniques and technologies in order to enhance energy efficiency, reduce the environmental impact while optimizing cost and embracing safety.

Environment Standards (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.085-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Environment Standards
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Decommissioning Requirements for Redundant Onshore & Offshore Structures Plus Artificial Islands
PROBLEM STATEMENT Current technologies and knowledge base for decommissioning are taken from UK North Sea sector, Norwegian sector, Gulf of Mexico or the US Western seaboard. None are fully applicable to be taken to the shallow waters of the Arabian Gulf region and the limited tidal movements it has. For example, the UK continental shelf can be considered to fall to 60 to 100 meters before falling to 200/ 300meter plus depths in what is considered to be deep waters. By comparison, the Arabian Gulf is considered deep, locally, at 15m.
This calls for different methods and application of current technologies as well an understanding of the tidal flows in the Arabian Gulf which far less than other sea bodies.
This would be especially applicable to the decommissioning of the artificial islands constructed by offshore companies in the Arabian Gulf.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Specific regulation to be adopted as a Code of Practice to be applicable to all offshore sites.

Environmental Impact Reduction (2)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.080-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Environmental Impact Reduction
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Waste Management: Recycling of Organic Waste Like Food, Gardening & Sewage Sludge
PROBLEM STATEMENT Currently all food, gardening and agricultural wastes of off-shore facilities are returned to shore and sent for disposal at significant cost. Associate with these costs, are also public health and environmental risks associated with the storage, transportation and tipping of containers holding these wastes, especially if bad weather has disrupted logistics/ removal from location. It is proposed to investigate the use of in Vessel composting systems to treat these waste to produce compost which should reduce the volumes by up to 70% as well as producing a value product for use in neighboring islands or excess being returned to shore for farming.
The process could also be extended to sewage sludge from sewage treatment plants (STPs) which are difficult to handle as well as posing public health and environmental risks from poor handling.
Another waste stream is kitchen cooking oils which is sent for disposal to waste treatment plants, at a hefty cost. This waste stream can be better utilized as raw feedstock for biodiesel production. Studies on the quality of the waste kitchen oil produced, bulk transportation requirements and conversion technologies, and the location where a central hub for conversion can be initiated.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Processes for recycling or reuse of organic waste streams


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.081-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Environmental Impact Reduction
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Waste Management: Conversion of Waste Materials to Usable Production Such as Fuel
PROBLEM STATEMENT Currently all general and hazardous waste materials that are generated offshore are either sent for disposal to waste treatment plants or is landfilled. Both options come at significant cost. There has been a shift in the consideration of the market use of RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) as a means of diverting wastes from landfill or straight incineration.
There is a window of opportunity to investigate the produced waste streams, their volumes, technologies that exist to convert waste streams into a more acceptable form to the end users, together with the RDF types they may be able to accept.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Process for conversion of waste materials into useable products like fuels.

Safety Improvements (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.084-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Safety Improvements
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Dispersion Modelling in A Hilly Environment
PROBLEM STATEMENT To model the impact of leakage of hazardous compounds like H2S dispersion modeling is used. It has a strong impact on the design of plant, the application to safety measurement and the emergency response plans. The standard model used is the PHAST model which is two dimensional. In the gas of a plant in a hilly environment the prediction of PHAST are of limited value and more advanced approach is required. Options have been investigated in the market, but none of the solutions. An alternative is to develop models based on Computational Fluid Dynamics that can take into account the structures of the plant as well as the Hills in which the plant is located.
Coupling with geographical and weather information is necessary.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Model able to give accurate prediction of dispersion that can be used trained HSE staff.

Sulfur Based Materials (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.083-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Sulfur Based Materials
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Development of New Sulfur Based Products
PROBLEM STATEMENT In recent years the production of elementary Sulfur has considerably increased. Meanwhile other Sulfur plants are coming on stream in other parts of the world, and a considerable oversupply is expected to develop in the coming years. So far, Sulfur could be sold at a reasonable price, ranging from 80-150 USD/ton, but this is expected to diminish when the oversupply hits in. If that happens, the Sulfur revenues* will plummet and Sulfur may have to be stored in blocks becoming a cost factor due to the environmental issues associated to it.
Over the past decades several groups have been working on alternative usage, like Sulfur Cement or Sulfur Asphalt. It appears that none of these attempts really created a substantial market. Currently, researchers are conducting projects to develop new products, like Sulfur polymers. This will require substantial more work: bringing a new product to the market at a substantial scale is a long term effort that requires extensive product development skills and a corporation between different industries. A big technical issue is how to deal with the smell and the danger of forming SO2 during combustion. A lot of applications will not be feasible due to these reasons. An alternative is not to go for high volume product but for high margin products in smaller quantities.
The issue of long term storage of sulfur should also be addressed. In a volatile Oil & Gas market, companies can benefit from the long term storage of elemental sulfur in the case of a significant dip in prices. The product can be stored and sold at higher prices.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Develop a product using substantial amount of Sulfur that can create a new outlet for the expected oversupply of Sulfur. These products should be adding value, safe to use and environmentally sound. Alternatively, develop high value products using the unique properties of Sulfur.
Efficient storage of bulk elemental Sulfur.

Energy Efficiency Improvement (3)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.107-EEE
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Energy Efficiency Improvement
CHALLENGE TITLE Energy Efficiency Improvement
PROBLEM STATEMENT Today, the natural gas processing OPCOs within ADNOC use a substantial amount of energy to drive the necessary processes needed to clean up and separate the feed gas into the several products. Methane, is a valuable product, is used to produce the majority of this power. The combustion of this gas emits a substantial amount of CO2, a greenhouse gas. Within the ADNOC group a considerable effort is made to enhance the energy efficiency of its operation and reduce its carbon footprints. These efforts are executed at many levels, like energy management standards (ISO-15001) and systems. An important practical measure that has been taken to enhance energy efficiency is the retirement of low efficiency single cycle power producing gas turbines, to replace this by power from the grid generated at higher efficiency.
Technology development is a third option that could generate lower energy consumption. This can be reached by either co-developing new equipment with Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), e.g. by the development of heat recovery technologies or new process equipment or solvents. The different categories can be listed as: a) New less energy intensive gas processing.
b) High efficiency combustion and rotating equipment (Boilers, furnaces, heaters, turbines….etc)
c) Waste heat recovery (WHR): WHR modules for offshore gas turbines using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC).
d) Utilization of flare gas
e) New less energy intensive water desalination processes
f) Energy savings in buildings
g) Others
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Process optimization, by improving the efficiency of the high energy users in gas plant operation like the amine unit and the Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) refrigeration unit. Enhanced power and steam generation, more effective heat exchanging or effective use of renewable or waste energy sources.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-EEE.140
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Energy Efficiency Improvement
CHALLENGE TITLE Water Management: Produced & Process Water Treatment & Reuse
PROBLEM STATEMENT Effluent discharge is a major challenge for ADNOC Gas Processing especially process water. Current practice of process water discharge is through deep well disposal. However, with increased demand for fresh water due to increased global pollution, coupled with scarcity of available fresh water in the region, there has been a drive to treat and used produced water for irrigation and domestic applications. One of the technologies under evaluation is ‘wetland treatment system’. The technology uses biological treatment with little or no chemicals to treat the water and is much less energy intensive. Though ADNOC does not impose limits on effluent discharged to deep well disposals, it regulates treated effluent to be used for irrigation or discharged to marine or land. However, meeting the limits set by ADNOC for treated water used for irrigation may be challenging i.e. phenol. The limit set for phenol is 0.001 mg/l which may not be met with existing treatment technologies.
ADNOC Onshore is another major ground water consumer of UAE. The water for desalting crude and drilling have higher water consumption when compared to national domestic water users and irrigation & other auxiliaries. It is essential to conserve water by adapting the latest technologies that promote recycling and reuse of produced water and reduce pressure on UAE water resources to ensure sustainable water supplies to other competent users and conservation for future.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Lower cost method to handle process and produced water.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-EEE.141
R&D PROGRAM EEE – Energy Efficiency & Environment
SUB-PROGRAM Energy Efficiency Improvement
CHALLENGE TITLE Water Management: Alternate Sources for Water
PROBLEM STATEMENT Water resources in UAE are scarce due to low average rainfall and lack perennial surface water resources. Further, the water demand is rapidly increasing due to growing population, economic diversification and expansion of industrial activities.
ADNOC Onshore is one of the major ground water consumers of UAE. The water for desalting crude and drilling have higher water consumption when compared to national domestic water users and irrigation & other auxiliaries. It is essential to find alternate sources for water and reduce pressure on UAE water resources to ensure sustainable water supplies to other competent users and conservation for future.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New cheaper, energy intensive, environment friendly technology for efficient Alternate sources for water.

Handling Sour Oil and Gas (e.g. Example Combustion Engines Can Run With Sour Gas)
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.108-EEE

Power Generators (Reducing the Carbon Foot Print)
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.109-EEE


PROGRAM NAME: ENHANCED OIL AND GAS RECOVERY
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Develop and advance EOGR technologies through experimental and numerical modelling of various techniques, which are economically viable for field-scale development while ensuring no damage to reservoirs.


Gas Injection
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.112-EOGR

GRAPHENE Utilization in Oil & Gas
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.113-EOGR

Hybrid Injection
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.114-EOGR

Laterally / Verticality
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.115-EOGR

Sweep Efficiency Monitoring
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.116-EOGR


PROGRAM NAME: FLOW ASSURANCE
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating effective technologies and mitigation methods to address asphaltene, inorganic scale deposition and other flow assurance challenges.


Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Inhibition

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.118-FA
R&D PROGRAM FA – FLOW ASSURANCE
SUB-PROGRAM Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Inhibition
CHALLENGE TITLE Enhancing Squeeze Life of Asphaltene Inhibitors for Carbonate Reservoir Application
PROBLEM STATEMENT Asphaltene inhibitors for squeeze application can be used to prevent asphaltene deposition; however the challenge is the short squeeze life-time in high rate producers in carbonate formation
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New chemical with long squeeze life in carbonate reservoir applicable to high producers

Modification/Improvement to existing chemicals to enhance the squeeze life and efficiency.

Robust testing protocol to evaluate these types of inhibitors.

Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Modelling

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.119-FA
R&D PROGRAM FA – FLOW ASSURANCE
SUB-PROGRAM Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Modelling
CHALLENGE TITLE Modeling of Scale/Asphaltene deposition Tendency
PROBLEM STATEMENT One of the important requirements for designing proactive scale/asphaltene mitigation strategies is to have reliable modeling software. Modeling and simulation, when effectively used, can reduce OPEX and new wells to be drilled can be prepared with mitigation strategies to prevent scale/asphaltene deposition. One main challenge is the lack of availability of a commercial model that can predict deposition of scale/asphaltene. Knowing more about quantity of deposit that will be formed and location of deposition will enhance the effectiveness of inhibition strategies in the field.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New simulation tool that can predict scale/asphaltene deposition behavior (more on the kinetics rather than the thermodynamics)

Improve existing software to expand its limit of operation (e.g. high CO2/H2S concentration, incorporate fluid-rock interaction, etc…)

Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Monitoring

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.120-FA
R&D PROGRAM FA – FLOW ASSURANCE
SUB-PROGRAM Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Monitoring
CHALLENGE TITLE Real-Time Monitoring of Inorganic Scale/Asphaltene/Corrosion in Wells and Facilities
PROBLEM STATEMENT Currently the only methods for monitoring scale/asphaltene/corrosion is through well intervention to check tubing accessibility or caliper runs to assess tubing thickness, well head pressure measurements and well testing. In most cases obstruction/corrosion is identified at a late stage. Real-time measurements to assess flow assurance challenges either through direct measurements of deposit /corrosion or indirectly through monitoring of parameters that can be used for modeling purposes is required.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Developing a real-time monitoring tool or technique to monitor scale/asphaltene/corrosion in wells or in facilities to give an early indication of build-up/corrosion.

Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Inhibition (2)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal-FA.142
R&D PROGRAM FA – FLOW ASSURANCE
SUB-PROGRAM Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Inhibition
CHALLENGE TITLE Scale, Asphaltene and Corrosion Inhibition and Remediation
PROBLEM STATEMENT Implementation of more complicated well design, smart completion, longer horizontal sections, and extended reach wells, inhibitor placement and inhibitor cost is becoming more challenging. The proposed solution should focus on developing an innovative mitigation system to effectively prevent or remove scale, asphaltene or corrosion
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Expected outcome is any innovative solution as listed below:
- New type of chemicals for scale/Asphaltene/corrosion inhibition or remediation
- New system to deliver/place chemicals downhole
- New system to prevent deposition through mechanical options
- New system that acts as a barrier to prevent deposition/corrosion


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-FA.143
R&D PROGRAM FA – FLOW ASSURANCE
SUB-PROGRAM Scale, Asphaltene, Corrosion Inhibition
CHALLENGE TITLE Scale or Asphaltene Mitigation through Inhibited Water/Gas Injection
PROBLEM STATEMENT Some reservoirs are being developed based on pattern water/gas injection design to increase sweep efficiency and final oil recovery. When water/gas break-through occurs scale/asphaltene deposition is expected. Inhibitor injection at the producer, particularly in smart completion wells, long horizontal wells, Multilateral wells etc.... can be very costly. An alternative can be injecting inhibitors with the injected fluids to be carried to the producers where it is needed. The challenge is the inability of the inhibitor to move with the injected fluid within the formation due to attractive force between the rock and the chemical.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Develop a scale/asphaltene inhibitor chemical that has minimum rock retention, high efficiency, and could flow with the injected fluid (water/gas) for an acceptable distance between injector and producer wells.
Improve existing scale/asphaltene inhibitor chemical for this application.



PROGRAM NAME: FACILITIES INTEGRITY
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating data gathering and processing solutions in order to assess facilities integrity and aid the development of technologies/materials for improved performance/integrity.


All Facilities Integrity Sub-groups (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.062-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM All Facilities Integrity Sub-groups
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Quantifying & Mitigating High Risks of Grouted Connection in Well Head Towers
PROBLEM STATEMENT Offshore companies in the region operates a huge fleet of offshore well head towers. As majority of these structures have exceeded their design life, hidden integrity risks have been identified for these structures concerning their peculiar grouted connection between piles and jacket legs.
Opportunities taken when exposing grout in two towers and testing their grout confirmed these concerns leading to carrying a complete action plan to:
1. Quantify risks associated with pile/leg connection
2. Developing mitigation technique that can be utilized if risks have been confirmed.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Testing data, Study, Design recommendations, Mitigation technology, and Installation procedures

Integrity Assessment and sustainability (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.058-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Integrity Assessment and sustainability
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Development of Improved Corrosion Prediction Models
PROBLEM STATEMENT The determination of corrosion allowance depends on the calculated corrosion rates which could be obtained using different available software modules such as ECE-5, PRIDICT-6, …etc. This variation of corrosion rates results in different corrosion allowances and selection of different materials such as CRAs. Moreover, previous failures* due to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) issues related to sour gas service in Austenitic Stainless Steel were recorded at levels inferior to those specified by materials requirements in sour service codes and standards.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Development/adaption of the latest models for corrosion prediction, that are suited/customized for specific operating conditions, which reflects the actual corrosion rates and consistent recommendations for selection of metallurgy.

Materials (3)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.059-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Materials
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Development of Innovative Coating Products and Systems
PROBLEM STATEMENT Coatings are essential for corrosion prevention, control and mitigation. However, there are cases where failures and potential leakages occur due to:
• Imperfections or cracks in the coating
• Severity of the operating environment (e.g. Sour Service)
Also, some of the available coating materials includes components that affect human/applicator health (i.e. isocyanate component).
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Development of economic coating materials with improved properties, performance and safety to achieve maximum operational efficiency.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.060-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Materials
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Selection & Qualification of Mechanical Sleeve Corrosion Resistant Alloy (CRA)
PROBLEM STATEMENT Industry common practice is to use metallurgical bonded Corrosion Resistant Alloy (CRA) pipes in lieu of solid CRA pipes above 6″ diameter*. While metallurgical bonded CRA pipes has proven track record and were in service since more than 30 years, some of the operators now a day are using mechanical sleeved Pipes as they are 40 % cheaper with a much faster delivery.
In the past, some integrity issues were raised due to the use of mechanical sleeved pipes, however, a lot were addressed due to recent advancements in manufacturing processes. Laboratory tests (e.g. Vacuum collapse, Fatigue, application to small diameter, inspection test, pipe line laying, fabrication of bends etc.) are required to develop confidence on the operating condition of mechanical sleeved pipes.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Solutions to overcome the challenges in the bond between the CRA and pipe material, field/joint welding, inspection, etc. Thus, improve the integrity of sleeves CRA to gain maximum advantages in future.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.061-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Materials
TYPE Oil
CHALLENGE TITLE Advanced Solutions for Improved Integrity of Oil Flow Lines
PROBLEM STATEMENT Internal Corrosion is a major concern in terms of the Integrity of carbon steel flow lines. With new challenging reservoirs, artificial drive mechanisms and EOR the stream being transported is becoming more corrosive. High levels of CO2, H2S, increased water cuts, decreased flowrates and presence of bacteria are causing an increase in number of flow line leaks and the need for alternative materials/solutions.
One of the promising methods was the use of Carbon Steel with Liners, immune to the threat of internal corrosion, and cost effective. However, major HSE risks were highlighted, related to the Gas Permeability of the liner. The manned operation required to regularly bleed sections of the pipe to avoid gas build up between the liner and the steel pipe, this solution is not considered efficient.
Temperatures ranging from 60-85°C and pressures going up to 200 bar in the more challenging reservoirs preclude the readily application of plastic pipes available in the market, making it difficult to deviate away from metallic solutions. Also, with non-metallic pipes there is the risk of UV degradation and deformation.
Past failed experiences and availability of one single vendor at the time to supply Positive Seal Coupling (PSC), prevented the consideration of internally coated pipes as a solution for flow lines. The difficulty to ensure the quality of the coating in pipe pieces and the pipe joining of coated pipes have been highlighted as a major flaw in this solution.
These limitations lead to flow lines not meeting their design life with the use of carbon steel. Leading to increase in HSE Hazards and OPEX costs. As such, the aim of the project is to study and develop flow line material solutions applicable to increasingly demanding conditions.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Improved performance and practical liner solutions for carbon steel oil flow lines or other alternative solutions


Data Processing
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.121-FI

Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition) (5)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.053-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition)
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Advanced Inspection of Composite Materials or Other Materials Alternatives
PROBLEM STATEMENT ADNOC operating companies utilizes Glass Fiber Pipes (GRE/GRP) in many applications inside stations and in the fields, some of the applications of GRE pipes could be found in Water Disposal Flow lines, Produced Water Systems and in Fire Fighting Networks. However, Inspection of composite materials in service (GRE/GRP) is considered a major challenges as no current Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) technique/technology provides realistic assessment of degradation.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME A realistic, economic and innovative NDT technology that allows realistic assessment of composite materials degradation and detection of leaks
Alternative Non Metallic Pipe System can be utilized in place of GRE system in future.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.054-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition)
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Carbon Steel Condensers Tubes to Tube Sheet Interface Defects Detection
PROBLEM STATEMENT Carbon steel shell and tube heat exchangers can suffer from failures at the tube to tube sheet interface. This failure is common in Sulfur Recovery Units (SRU). This type of Tube to Tube sheet defects can be due to steam blanketing or to other damage mechanisms. Tube to Tube Sheet interface defects are sometimes confined to the first 2-5 cm from the tube sheet at locations representing the highest temperatures along the tubes. These tubes external defects at the tube/tube sheet interface aren’t detected. The Internal Rotary Inspection System (IRIS) which is the best available Non Destructive Technique (NDT) for the inspection of carbon steel heat exchangers has a blind zone of around 2-8”. If the defect is adjacent to the tube sheet it will not be detected by IRIS. There is currently no available and reliable NDT technique that can detect this critical degradation.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Develop a fast, reliable NDT technique for the detection of carbon steel tubes degradation at the tube/tube interface.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.055-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition)
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Real Time Monitoring and Detection of Internal Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in Small Bore Low Schedule Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipework
PROBLEM STATEMENT Sour gas piping constructed from Austenitic Stainless Steel (SS) (AISI 3XX series) can suffer from internal Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC). Severity of cracking depends on numerous parameters involving the stream pH (most important parameter), chlorides level in addition to other variables.
Generally, the usual solution in a plant with identified SCC is to replace the affected plant sections with a SCC resistant materials of construction. Risk evaluation exercise is done and replacement decision is associated with risk/criticality. High criticality assets are replaced.
However, replacement in an existing plant involves long outages and high capital expenditure. Medium and low criticality piping would require monitoring or detection of the cracks based on which, replacement can be planned.
For large bore piping special Non Destructive Testing (NDT) techniques were developed for piping diameters >4". For small bore and low schedule (small piping thickness e.g. 3mm) there is no industry known NDT technique to detect the fine SCC cracks in small bore SS piping with low thickness.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Develop an NDT technique that can detect the internally initiated (non-through wall) fine cracks in small bore low thickness austenitic SS piping.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.056-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition)
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Development of Effective Real Time Corrosion Monitoring Solutions
PROBLEM STATEMENT One problem associated with corrosion control is that it is commonly dealt with in a historical sense, after the damage has occurred, and with no opportunity to prevent recurrence. Usually, corrosion measurements are reactive maintenance functions and are done using simple off-line techniques such as weight-loss analysis which only provides a retrospective status check rather than a means of active, real-time process control.
Even with online systems, the data are still commonly viewed or analyzed after corrosion takes place and do not automatically correlate corrosion rate to specific process events unless this is done manually by the corrosion engineer. Such practices often result in late detection of failures and consequently a late corrective action. Moreover these techniques are particularly good in detecting trends in uniform/general corrosion rate, and possess limitation for detecting localized corrosion.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Develop new solutions that provide reliable quantitative corrosion rate and modality measurements of general and localized corrosion, to make corrosion a real-time process variable which would help for effective corrosion control measures.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.057-FI
R&D PROGRAM FI – Facilities Integrity
SUB-PROGRAM Inspection & monitoring (Data acquisition)
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Development of Advanced Pipelines Inspection Solutions
PROBLEM STATEMENT Accurate assessment of pipelines health/condition requires deep understanding of the active failure mechanisms (especially corrosion) along with having the tools necessary to measure deterioration. Based on the operating conditions, active failure mechanisms, type of material, technologies used for inhibition/protection, different inspection techniques are used, however, mostly not with the required accuracy/precision.
One of the challenges in pipelines corrosion assessment is the high dependency on Intelligent pigging (IP). Current IP practices have considerable tolerance/uncertainty in measurement which significantly affects corrosion rate estimation and remaining life assessment, in turn, calling for early replacement actions. Validation of IP results is also an expensive approach due to the required operations involved (e.g. breaking of concrete/subsea surface preparation for UT/logistic involvement & generating very limited validation data).
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Development of advanced Intelligent pigging technologies or new solutions to improve corrosion measurement precision in pipelines.




PROGRAM NAME: GAS PROCESSING
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigate and develop processes and technologies related to processing natural gas in order to increase value, reduce cost, optimize the outcome (by-products), preserve environment and ensure safety.

Catalyst/Adsorbent improvement (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.069-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Catalyst/Adsorbent improvement
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Study of Degradation Mechanism of Dehydration Unit Mol-Sieve Adsorbent
PROBLEM STATEMENT For the purpose of deep NGL recovery, water in sweet gas is removed in dehydration units using glycol or mol. sieve adsorbent. In case of mol. sieve, 3 years is the recommended life for adsorbent and based on optimization this period is extended up to 4 – 5 years. As such there is no method to predict the remaining life of adsorbents and also no tool to understand the mechanism of deterioration. Study and Development of such a tool/technique will lead to optimization of adsorbent life leading to cost saving.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Details of degradation mechanism of adsorbent
New methodology to estimate the remaining life of adsorbent
New optimized operating conditions to improve adsorbent life

Improve control and removal of Contaminants (6)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.063-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE BTEX removal from acid gas
PROBLEM STATEMENT Benzene, Toluene, Ethyl Benzene and Xylene (BTEX) are present in acid gas in ppm levels which can poison Clause converter catalyst in SRU. Existing technology to completely eliminate BTEX is by thermal destruction by elevating the reaction furnace temperature and this consumes additional fuel gas in reaction furnace. Alternate cost effective technology to remove BTEX in acid gas entering the reaction furnace will result in increasing Clause catalyst life as well as reduce consumption of fuel gas used for co-firing in reaction furnace.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New customized adsorbent for BTEX removal from acid gas entering into SRU


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.064-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Deep Removal of Mercaptans (RSH & COS) in NGL
PROBLEM STATEMENT While H2S in sour feed gas is removed in Acid gas treatment unit, other sulfur compounds mainly Mercaptans are removed in dehydration unit using mol-sieve adsorption units. However, trace (~5 ppm) level of RSH still remain in the sweet gas and this gets accumulated (~300-2000 ppm) in NGL product. Complete removal of RSH in the acid gas removal unit will eliminate operational concerns related sulfur in NGL in downstream fractionation units.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Cost effective technology for deep removal of sulfur compounsds in NGL


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.065-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Deep Removal of Mercaptans & COS in LNG
PROBLEM STATEMENT Deep removal of Total Sulphur below 1 mg/Nm3 upstream the liquefaction unit (i.e. downstream Separation/Scrub & De-ethaniser units) is necessary to enhance LNG marketing options. Propagation of Total Sulfur via modelling is to be understood, and means of reduction to be studied for COS and/or mercaptanes removal, using a) Adsorption processes, b) Non-regenerative Processes, c) Membranes.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Process modelling and new technology based on Adsorption/Membrane as an alternate option could be a potential R&D outcome


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.068-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Removal of HSS, Degradation Products in Lean Amine
PROBLEM STATEMENT Contaminants in amine solvents used in gas treatment are heat stable salts (HSS), degradation products, particulates.
In some operations, DGA reclaiming process is highly energy intensive (~400 TPH of HP steam) and still not able to achieve optimum results in DGA quality in terms of BHEEU, Morpholine and HSS.
Cost effective alternate treatment to remove these impurities and reclamation process will improve amine performance and improve energy efficiency.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New cost effective technology to remove impurities from lean amine in AGRUs to avoid foaming in acid gas removal unit.
Development of new reclaiming technology & better control mechanism for DGA reclaimer operations.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-GP.144
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Effective Oil/water separation in sour water system
PROBLEM STATEMENT Sour water in sour gas is separated from various 3 phase separators in the gas treating plant and this water contain hydrocarbon (oil) and H2S. Much of the oil is emulsified form and demulsifier chemical is injected to facilitate separation of oil/water but this is not effective. Oil carryover to downstream unit leads to plugging of feed plate heat exchangers (PHE), filters, stripper trays leading to energy loss, frequent maintenance, damage of trays, unit outage and premature exhaustion of non-regenerable H2S adsorbent located in sour water tank off-gas.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Alternate technology like Membrane or new chemical treatment technology to be developed to achieve effective means of demulsifying oil/water mixture in sour water.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-GP.146
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve control and removal of Contaminants
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Control of Foaming in acid gas removal unit
PROBLEM STATEMENT Foaming in acid gas treating unit leads to amine carry over, processing limitation in unit through-put, sudden plant upsets leading to outage. Among the various reasons for foaming liquid hydrocarbon carry over in feed gas, hydrocarbon condensation in absorber, presence of particulates & thermal degradation products in amine are considered as major contributors.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME • Development of new activated carbon or alternate adsorbent customized for the removal of foam creators
• Developing a systematic methodology to identify exhaustion of activated carbon
• Developing an effective tool and methodology to identify the component which creates foaming


Improve Process efficiency (2)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.075-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve Process efficiency
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Heat Exchangers Performance Enhancement to Improve Process Efficiency
PROBLEM STATEMENT External fouling of process air coolers limits capacity during high temperatures in summer especially in propane refrigeration units lead to decrease in C3 recovery in NGL units, internal fouling in stabilization unit heat exchangers limits operating capacity, fouling in lean/rich plate heat exchangers lead to energy loss,
Study of external fouling mechanism & developing novel technology to avoid fouling and development of effective chemicals to avoid external fouling in air coolers / internal fouling in stabilization unit exchangers, fouling in lean/rich plate exchangers in acid gas removal units will help in improving the process and energy efficiency. Similarly, development of new designs in refrigeration unit will improve efficiency.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME • Study of external fouling mechanism in air cooled fin fan coolers
• Development of new method and novel chemicals which can effectively remove/avoid fouling in heat exchangers/air coolers
• New technology for using the available high pressure N2 in existing heat exchangers


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.076-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM Improve Process efficiency
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Seawater Exchangers Performance Enhancement to Improve Process Efficiency
PROBLEM STATEMENT Frequent fouling of seawater heat exchangers due to scale formation pose bottleneck in plant capacity during summer
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Electromagnetic Non-Chemical Scale prevention-removal solution for heat exchangers


New Technology in place of conventional LNG/NGL fractionation (1)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal-GP.145
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM New Technology in place of conventional LNG/NGL fractionation
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE GP.3.2 Membrane technology for hydrocarbon separation in fractionation
PROBLEM STATEMENT Existing fractionation of NGL by distillation technology is CAPEX & energy intensive and involve operational constraints.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Alternate cost effective technology based on membrane process to separate methane plus, methane from ethane plus, ethane from propane plus.

New Technologies and Development of Novel Solvents (3)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.123-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM New Technologies and Development of Novel Solvents
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE New technology for treating very high sour gas streams
PROBLEM STATEMENT In the existing acid gas treating units achieving product gas specifications is becoming difficult due to various reasons like (i) higher acid gas concentrations in feed gas (ii) higher impurities (sulfur compounds), (iii) changing CO2/H2S ratio especially when combined with high feed rate in summer conditions (high solvent temperature). With the proposed development of new wells which are likely to produce highly sour gas containing H2S concentration in the range of 20-30%, there is need to develop new technology to remove the bulk of H2S from feed sour gas before being routed to existing plants for further processing in conventional Acid gas treating unit.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Developing alternate high performance novel solvents to treat high acid gas concentrations in existing acid gas treating units, innovative technology like Membrane Technology to remove bulk of the H2S from sour gas at well head and/or using the latest rotating packed bed technology to suit to acid gas removal to improve energy efficiency will be helpful in cost effective treatment of highly sour gas.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal.149-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM New Technologies and Development of Novel Solvents
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE New technology for cost effective & energy efficient for tail gas treatment
PROBLEM STATEMENT in old SRU units, Sulphur is produced by Thermal oxidation and Clause catalytic conversion of H2S followed by Super Clause or CBA technology to get 99% sulfur recovery efficiency (SRE) . In the new SRUs, tail gas treating units (TGTU) is installed to achieve 99.9% but is very costly both in CAPEX and OPEX. Additionally, refrigeration duty is required to cool amine solvent and quench water to ensure H2S absorption considering the high ambient temperature here in gulf region.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME High performance cost effective adsorbent technology to improve SRE to 99.9% in lieu of TGTU in old units can lead to lowering SO2 emissions to International standards by retrofit.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal.150-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM New Technologies and Development of Novel Solvents
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Cost effective new technologies for CO2 capture
PROBLEM STATEMENT CO2 capture from SRU tail gas and flue gas is highly beneficial for enhancing oil production from depleting wells (EOR) and also for reducing carbon foot print. The available technologies for carbon capture based on conventional amine absorption are energy intensive.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Alternate cost effective technology based on Membranes, Absorption using rotating packed bed technology and alternate solvents like ionic liquids/deep eutective solvents will lead to cost savings and energy savings.



New Technologies for Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU) (1)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.124-GP
R&D PROGRAM GP – Gas Processing
SUB-PROGRAM New Technologies for Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU)
TYPE Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Cost effective new technology for incereasing sulfur recovery efficiency and reduce emissions in SRU
PROBLEM STATEMENT Sulfur Recovery Unit involves Thermal oxidation of H2S followed by catalytic conversion of H2S to Sulfur. For achieving 99.9% recovery efficiency, TGTU is installed which is CAPEX & OPEX intensive. Improving the conversion in each stage of conversion will lead to savings in CAPEX. Also in some of the old units, CO emission is high. Development of novel technologies to improve efficiency, reliability to be pursued
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME New technology addressed to improve sulfur recovery efficiency and rediuce emissions



PROGRAM NAME: PROCESS CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Optimization of maintenance and production value chain using process control to improve operations efficiency and reduce cost.


Process Control and Optimization (4)

CHALLENGE ID PgChal.126-PCO
R&D PROGRAM PCO - PROCESS CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION
SUB-PROGRAM Process Control and Optimization
CHALLENGE TITLE Optimization & Planning of the Production Chain & Maintenance.
PROBLEM STATEMENT The production chain of ADNOC’s OPCOs can be further optimized to increase revenue, cut costs and improve profit margins. Several mathematical optimization tools can be applied at different levels of the production chain to maximize profit. Efforts to use linear programming to optimize the production chain at the plant level within ADNOC Natural Gas Processing have started. Plans to integrate these linear programming models to further optimize production at the company level are also in place. Although, there are a lot of opportunities have not been explored in this space at the plant level, company level and country level. The following is one example that can lead to a significant increase in profits.
Optimize the income of the UAE through well to product optimization across all ADNOC operational companies.
Further optimization of maintenance planning at different levels can also be done. Optimizing the schedule of planned shutdowns in a manner that would minimize the opportunity costs across OPCOs, can lead to a significant increase in profits. Currently, OPCOs downstream plan their shut downs based on the needs of upstream companies without considering the loss across OPCOs. Predictive maintenance can also be used to plan the activities required to operate the plant reliably while minimizing cost, which is addressed in another technical challenge within the program.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Optimization tools (software) which includes a complete country wise well to end product production model. The optimization software would be an integrated compilation of smaller models. An Optimization tool to be used to plan and schedule shutdowns across OPCOs


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-PCO.147
R&D PROGRAM PCO - PROCESS CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION
SUB-PROGRAM Process Control and Optimization
CHALLENGE TITLE Using Simulation to Predict Online Dynamic Process Conditions Based on Process Parameters.
PROBLEM STATEMENT There are several unwanted conditions that occur within the process and can lead to several effects such as equipment failure, increased energy consumption and off-spec products. Hydrate formation is an example which has been reported by ADNOC Natural Gas Processing operations. Below are two examples where hydrate formation is an operational challenge.
Currently, methanol injection is performed as a counter measure after the formation of hydrates. The formation of hydrates is measured by the difference in pressure, delta P. By better prediction of hydrate formation using process parameters, the process can remain above that temperature to prevent hydrate formation and optimize on the methanol consumption. The simulation model can feed the process set-points that would minimize hydrate formation to the APC to control the process.
At different NGL separation units, feed gas is cooled gradually to separate water before sending it for NGL recovery. Hydrate formation on the expander outlet can be predicted based on the inlet moisture content/feed compositions and other process conditions. By predicting the hydrate formation temperatures, more water can be removed before sending it to Molecular Sieve Dryers to reduce their load. The suitable temperatures can be used by the APC to control the process and minimize hydrate formation.
An online predictor of hydrate formation can minimize methanol consumption and reduce the load on Molecular Sieve Dryers, hence reducing the number of cycles per day and extend their lifetime.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Online predictor of unwanted process conditions that can adjust process set-points, through the Advanced Process Controller (APC), to minimize the unwanted scenario.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-PCO.148
R&D PROGRAM PCO - PROCESS CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION
SUB-PROGRAM Process Control and Optimization
CHALLENGE TITLE Online predictor of unwanted process conditions that can adjust process set-points, through the Advanced Process Controller (APC), to minimize the unwanted scenario.
PROBLEM STATEMENT The maintenance policy across the ADNOC group is currently based on preventive maintenance. Such a maintenance policy has the following consequences:
- Increased maintenance cost and inefficiency due to replacing and maintaining static and rotating parts prior to their failure.
- Increased manpower cost to meet the activities required to complete all the preventive maintenance activities required.
- Predictive maintenance models can significantly reduce maintenance cost within the operating companies by reducing the required manpower and the cost of maintenance parts. These models utilized correlations between variables to identify preliminary failures in equipment/machinery.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Driving the transition towards predictive maintenance can lead to the following outcomes.
- Increased equipment lifetime.
- Increased plant safety.
- Optimized spare parts handling.
- Fewer incidents impacting the environment.
Software model to predict failure of critical rotating equipment using process parameters and sensor values. Enabling one to predict failure and schedule maintenance efficiently, which will reduce production loss and unrequired maintenance cost.


CHALLENGE ID PgChal-PCO.149
R&D PROGRAM PCO - PROCESS CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION
SUB-PROGRAM Process Control and Optimization
CHALLENGE TITLE Enhancement of Machinery Speed Control
PROBLEM STATEMENT At present in ADNOC Onshore whenever variable speed control is required on Machinery equipment, Variable Frequency Drive is utilized. This VFD drive makes the package very complex as you will require transformer, VFD and sometimes harmonic filters to reach to your frequency value and accordingly to your desired speed value. In addition to that, VFD will require to be kept in air conditioned room which consumes extra power and plot at site. Another challenge with VFD system is the complexity of commissioning, maintaining and troubleshooting the equipment as it is complicated and require specialist support. Spare parts of electronics items are aging so what you buy today may not be available after few years.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Enchantment of the VFD system or offering new tool that will allow speed variation control with simplified system. The newer simplified system is to be more reliable than the current VFD drivers.



Plant Life Extension (1)

There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn't want to loose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.151-PCO


PROGRAM NAME: RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating new methods of assessing heterogeneities in reservoir rock/fluid properties, advancing knowledge in integrated reservoir characterization & modeling, and enabling improved reservoir development/management.


Integrated Reservoir Modelling (2)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.010-RCM
R&D PROGRAM RCM – Reservoir Characterization and Modelling
SUB-PROGRAM Integrated Reservoir Modelling
TYPE Oil
CHALLENGE TITLE Building high-resolution mega-models
PROBLEM STATEMENT Computing and finite volume gridding limitations currently limit the resolution in our reservoir models with implications for certain FDP and EOR decision-making
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Novel finite volume gridding solutions or Supercomputing technology to provide the capability of high resolution reservoir simulation
(Billion/trillion-cell Reservoir Modelling solutions)


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.016-RCM
R&D PROGRAM RCM – Reservoir Characterization and Modelling
SUB-PROGRAM Integrated Reservoir Modelling
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Polar (Radial) Gridding for 3D Reservoir Modelling
PROBLEM STATEMENT Absence of structural conformance of existing Cartesian gridding methods for domal/anticlinal structures due to salt diapirism. A polar (radial) gridding system is the recommended system for the property propagation and fluid flow calculation in the inter-well region, for domal structures (see figure below).
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Novel polar gridding algorithm compactible with existing modeling software.

Reservoir Characterization (2)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.004-RCM
R&D PROGRAM RCM – Reservoir Characterization and Modelling
SUB-PROGRAM Reservoir Characterization
TYPE Oil
CHALLENGE TITLE Advanced Fluid Characterization & Phase Behavior Modelling
PROBLEM STATEMENT The complexity and slower computation of existing SAFT-based EOS (compared to Cubic EOS) as well as their inability to accurately predict fluid behavior near the critical region, limits its application in gas condensates and EOR simulation.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME An EOS approach (software) that combines the benefits of Cubic and SAFT-based EOS and eliminates their flaws, with potential application in both upstream and downstream operations.


CHALLENGE ID RDChal.012-RCM
R&D PROGRAM RCM – Reservoir Characterization and Modelling
SUB-PROGRAM Reservoir Characterization
TYPE Oil
CHALLENGE TITLE Predicting Depositional and Diagenetic facies
PROBLEM STATEMENT In not knowing the reservoir deposition and diagenetic models, the predictability and interpolation between wells become difficult, this will impact the field development plans as some areas might not be good enough for placing wells but could not be estimated due to lack of appropriate interpolation between wells.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME An integrated workflow for 3D carbonate facies modeling incorporating QI and geology data.
Predictive use of subsurface data in reservoir Models



PROGRAM NAME: RESERVOIR MONITORING, SURVEILLANCE AND MANAGEMENT
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Develop State-of-the-Art tools and techniques for effective reservoir monitoring and management, assuring optimum reserve recovery


Reservoir Monitoring and Surveillance (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.024-RMSM
R&D PROGRAM RMSM – Reservoir Monitoring, Surveillance and Management
SUB-PROGRAM Reservoir Monitoring and Surveillance
TYPE Oil & Gas
CHALLENGE TITLE Surveillance & Intervention Of Short String in Dual Completion Wells
PROBLEM STATEMENT Due to the original well completion strategy in many giant reservoirs, many wells have been completed as “dual strings” to maximize the off/intake per well with less number of wells/interventions. There are operation difficulties/restrictions to survey the short sting, in which it impacts the reservoir monitoring plan (RMP). Wire-line operations (pressure surveys, scale investigation/agitation, plugs…etc.) and bull heading stimulation can be done in short string; however, many other important operations (logging, water shut-off, perforations… etc.) and proper stimulation cannot be done in the short string. This leads to high uncertainties in the reservoir management and models as well, and ultimately losses of reserves in many cases, due to unavailability of such valuable monitoring outcomes. Accordingly, dual completion strategy is under review and has been eliminated for many of the new wells due to this challenge. Any possible successful technique for the short string monitoring/intervention, will support dual completion option that in many cases has a significant impact on wells number and economic aspects, as well as, some of the mature fields (both onshore and offshore platforms) don’t have the option of drilling high number of wells/congested area.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Technology/tools that will assure safe, effective monitoring and intervention of the short string in dual completion wells for logging, shut off techniques and perforation.

Reservoir Data Gathering & Analysis
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.130-RMSM

Reservoir Management
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.131-RMSM


PROGRAM NAME: UNCONVENTIONAL RESOURCES
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: Investigating approaches, techniques and technologies in order to provide reliable information on unconventional reservoirs, fluids and rocks while managing the associated risks.


Hydraulic Fracturing (Tight carbonates) (1)

CHALLENGE ID RDChal.090-UR
R&D PROGRAM UR – Unconventional Resources
SUB-PROGRAM Hydraulic Fracturing (Tight carbonates)
TYPE Oil & GAS
CHALLENGE TITLE Hydraulic Fracturing for Unconventional reservoirs (Tight carbonates)
PROBLEM STATEMENT Hydraulic fracturing of unconventional reservoirs, tight carbonates. Time consuming selective perforation and stimulation of productive intervals due to the need to isolate every one of them before proceeding with the next. After all intervals are perforated, the isolation barriers must be removed. There are techniques that have been prove successfully in the Emirate of Dubai and in the US with the use of dissolvable plugs and activation balls. The use of dissolvable isolation devices saves the time and the risk of milling.
EXPECTED R&D OUTCOME Plug & Perf, ball activated, CT-activated, dissolvable plugs

Alternative Options to Utilize Over-Produced Water
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.132-UR

Tight Rocks, Low Permeability
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.133-UR

Unconventional Resources Development
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.134-UR

Utilization of Desert Sand as a Propant for Fracking Operations
There is no specific challenge for this Sub-Program, however we didn’t want to lose the opportunity to receive your proposal addressing this specific topic. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.135-UR

 


PROGRAM NAME: PETROCHEMICAL
PROGRAM OBJECTIVE: .

Oil and Gas Operation in Extreme Conditions
Challenges addressing Sour Fields, Marine, High Pressure and High Temperature, and other related topics to Oil and Gas Operation in Extreme Conditions. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.136-PC

Sulfur by-product in agriculture or others
Challenges addressing innovative application of Sulfur. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: PgChal.137-PC

Produced Water treatment (utilization of water content)
Challenges addressing water concerns. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the following challenge codes:
CODE CHALLENGE DESCRIPTION
PgChal.138-PC Separate oil from water downhole, by producing oil and leaving water behind
PgChal.139-PC Lithium by-products study




CATEGORY 2: RDPETRO Additional Topics

CATEGORY OBJECTIVE
Additional topics applied to the Oil and Gas industry which can be utilized in any RDPETRO Program driven to enhance performance, efficiency and/or to reduce costs.

IMPORTANT NOTE AND CONSIDERATIONS
Any R&D Project Proposal related to the RDPETRO Additional Topics will need to be related to one existent RDPETRO Program on the top of this page.
R&D Project Proposals addressing a RDPETRO Additional Topic and not related to any RDPETRO Program will not be accepted.


Artificial Intelligence
Challenges addressing related Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Predictive Analysis topics for the Oil and Gas Industry. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.201

Digital Oil Fields
Challenges addressing Rig Automation, Drones Technology, Internet of Things, and Virtual and Augmented Reality, Edge Computing and other related topics to Digital Oil Fields. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.202

Crude Oil by-product
Challenges to come up with innovative and new products from crude oil. If you would like to propose an R&D Project under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.203

Sulfur by-product
Challenges addressing related to ultra sour gas production, the sulfur is a challenge to managme and find a way to utilize it in other application, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.204

Water Management Solutions
Challenges addressing related to Water Management Solutions under the topic Minimize water production, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.205a

Water Management Solutions
Challenges addressing related to Water Management Solutions under the topic Hydrogen management solution, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.205b

Water Management Solutions
Challenges addressing related to Water Management Solutions under the topic Low cast produced water processing for other usage, kindly refer to the challenge code: AtChal.205c

 


CATEGORY 3: RDPETRO Innovative Idea

CATEGORY OBJECTIVE
The innovative idea proposal is a way to RDPETRO and its Partners to reach the most creative and innovative ideas from researchers all over the world even without it is mature enough to become a R&D proposal.

IMPORTANT NOTE AND CONSIDERATIONS
RDPETRO Innovative Idea will need to be related to one existent RDPETRO Program on the top of this page.
RDPETRO Innovative Idea not related to any RDPETRO Program will not be accepted.


Innovative Idea
If you would like to propose an R&D Proposal under this Sub-Program, kindly refer to the challenge code: Idea.301

 

 

Submit R&D Project Proposal

Partners

ADNOC – Abu Dhabi National Oil Company
CNPC – Chinese National Petroleum Corporation
JOGMEC – Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation
KNOC – Korea National Oil Corporation
KOC – Kuwait Oil Company
Petronas
Schlumberger
Siemens
Total
Wintershell

Event Details

Dates: 13 – 14 May 2018
Venue: International Conference Centre Hall, ADNEC, Abu Dhabi, UAE

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